{ bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, The problem is, the Spartan myth is so full of holes you could use it to drain pasta. Never could those four sister victories, the fairest the sun ever beheld, of Salamis, Plataea, Mycale, and Sicily, venture to oppose all their united glories, to the single glory of the defeat of King Leonidas and his men, at the pass of Thermopylae.”. },{ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'increment': 0.5, The wildly popular military apparel companies Grunt Style and 5.11 Tactical have huge followings among civilians who have never and will never serve in the military, sporting tactical gear or T-shirts invoking military catchphrases (frequently praising the Spartans), replete with magazine pouches that will never hold ammunition, and FFI (Friend-Foe-Identifier) patches designed to prevent military friendly-fire incidents. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); 'max': 8, In theory, this made them tough and resourceful. Example from the Hansard archive. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, Most of us have never heard of laconophilia, even as we live in a world so dramatically shaped by it, but it has a hand in everything from the French Revolution to the British educational system to the Ivy League to the Israeli Kibbutz movement. So magnificent are these 300 warriors that they surely would have held the pass indefinitely ... if not for the actions of a scurrilous traitor, Ephialtes, a misshapen hunchback who was too deformed to serve in the Spartan line. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, 'min': 31, The metastasis of Sparta worship in the “fake news” age offers an object lesson in how to rewrite the history of a people and a culture, pressing them into the service of hard-line political movements marked by racism, nationalism, and tyranny. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, He is the author of Legion Versus Phalanx: The Epic Struggle for Infantry Supremacy in the Ancient World and the upcoming nonfiction book, The Bronze Lie: Shattering the Myth of the Mighty Spartan. What this did was make the boys nimble while holding their weaponry. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); If one soldier was undisciplined, the whole wall could collapse. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot1' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195453', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, regimen of warrior training, starting from age seven—but the kings who led their armies almost never endured this trial. The stylized Corinthian helmet worn by King Leonidas in 300, the 2006 hit movie mythologizing the Spartan role at the Battle of Thermopylae in 480 B.C.E., is now most often seen on T-shirts, flags, and bumper stickers above the Greek words “ΜΟΛΩΝ ΛΑΒΕ,” or molon labe, which translates to “come and take them,” the Spartan king’s apocryphal, defiant response to Persian ruler Xerxes’s demand that the Greeks surrender their arms. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/mask"); “They were utter fascists,” he, , but suggested that a little fascism at the margins had its use: “The Athenians were the ones who gave birth to democracy, but the Spartans made it all possible.”. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ Transform Your Mind. Müller’s work lionized the invaders’ Northern origins, which dovetailed into the early evolution of Nordicism, the pseudo-anthropological notion of a Nordic master race that would become a cornerstone of Nazi ideology. ga('set', 'dimension2', "entryex"); Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. Commit to Grit. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654151' }}, and strength is not the same as sound judgment or moral rectitude. This method was to make the boys have hunger pangs and suffer a bit. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Click on a collocation to see more examples of it. : A Take-No-Prisoners Guide to Overcoming Obstacles and Achieving Peak Performance in Life). {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, “Generation Identity,” a fast-growing European Identitarian party, explains the significance of adopting the Spartan shield for its movement by way of relating the, myth: “Both ancient and modern writers have used the Battle of Thermopylae as an example of the power of a patriotic army defending its native soil.” This appears on the site’s “frequently asked questions” page, just above a section titled “What does the term ‘Great Replacement’ mean and who is responsible for it?”, Spartan myth. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [320, 100] }}, Resistance seems futile, yet 300 Spartan warriors boldly sally forth under a beefy King Leonidas to make a stand at Thermopylae, where a mountain peak and the Malian Gulf forces the advancing Persian horde to funnel into a tight space where their numbers will count for little. iasLog("criterion : cdo_c = " + ["people_society_religion", "shopping_consumer_resources", "law_government_military"]); Spartan warriors were known as some of the toughest and best fighters ever. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, In the days of Thermopylae, the ritual had been part of Sparta’s famed agōgē, but many scholars believe that in Cicero’s time it was made even more brutal to satisfy the crowds of tourists. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "honesty-and-dishonesty"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Those wearing the Spartan on their body or most likely trying to embody some of those Spartan traits that we’ve heard so much about. “Come and take it”: The Spartan-infused motto features prominently in the logo of the American Guard, a group called “hardcore white supremacists” by the Anti-Defamation League. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, }; { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, The Persians are unable to dislodge the Spartans, who slaughter them like cattle despite the enormous disparity in numbers. During this time, the boys were taught the ‘pyrriche’ which was essentially a dance while holding weaponry. As the story goes, Spartan mothers would tell their sons to return with their shield or return on it. } iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); } googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; The very word spartan transcends the historical city-state to which it once referred; it can now refer to anyone or anything marked by strict self-denial, frugality, or the avoidance of comfort—reflecting the legend of the Spartans, rather than who they actually were. {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, At this time, he would leave his families house and go live in a barracks with other young boys. There was a strict laconic code of honor in the Spartan army. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, 'max': 3, dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setTargeting('ad_group', Adomik.randomAdGroup()).addService(googletag.pubads()); Tattoos of warriors are widespread these days as it will always be deep in a man’s soul to be likened to one of these timeless warriors. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}, var googletag = googletag || {}; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_mpuslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "mask"); }, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, 'min': 8.50, storage: { The story goes that Leonidas led an army of 300 against the whole Persian army. The controversial movie offended Iranians with its orientalist portrayal of their Persian ancestors, while Western critics lambasted its fascist iconography. 300’s plot is at odds with reality. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, pid: '94' The group of hardcore Euroskeptics dubbed themselves “Spartans” for their singleminded willingness to hold the line, to sacrifice anything in obedience to their convictions. } The mask in this case is a more complete solution than the old-fashioned bit of toilet paper stuck to the face!

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